Our smile is an infallible weapon for the performance of your social behavior. It will never be too late to start working on the smile you want, and before taking the step there are elementary questions that you should know:
What is orthodontics?
Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that deals with correcting the position of teeth and correcting the way they relate to each other.
What is malocclusion?
Malocclusion is defined as any alteration of the bone growth of the maxilla or mandible and / or position of the teeth that prevent a correct function of the masticatory apparatus and also entails an aesthetic alteration for the patient.
What's wrong with having a malocclusion?
A malocclusion does not only affect the appearance of your mouth. It can also hinder the movements of the mouth when speaking, swallowing, chewing, and can be the cause of unnecessary wear on your teeth and molars. Difficulty dental hygiene and therefore can be the cause of cavities, gum disease and bad breath.
What are the causes of dental malocclusion?
The appearance of dental malocclusion can be due to different causes. The main ones are:
- Hereditary factors.
- Loss of teeth.
- Breathe through the mouth.
- Suck your thumb.
- Using a bottle or pacifier for an excessive time.
- Children in whom the milk teeth take up little space and, when the permanent teeth grow, they take up more space than there is.
What types of malocclusions do we have?
There are three kinds of malocclusions:
Class I: The maxilla and mandible are in a correct position, but the teeth are crowded.
Class II: The upper jaw is displaced forward, with the teeth very advanced.
Class III: The mandible has outgrown the upper jaw and causes a cross bite.